Agruras: Causas y Formas de Tratarlas para Aliviar el Malestar

Heartburn: Causes and Ways to Treat Them to Relieve Discomfort

Heartburn, also known as heartburn or pyrosis, is a burning or discomfort sensation in the upper part of the abdomen, just behind the breastbone. This discomfort is usually caused by acid reflux, when gastric acid returns from the stomach into the esophagus. Although heartburn may be occasional for many people, in some cases, it can become a recurring problem that affects quality of life. Here we will explore what heartburn is and some ways to treat it to relieve discomfort.

Causes of Heartburn:

  1. Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD): The most common cause of heartburn is acid reflux, which occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly, allowing stomach acid to rise into the esophagus.

  1. Improper Diet: Eating spicy, fatty, acidic foods, or drinking carbonated drinks and caffeine can trigger heartburn in some people.

  1. Obesity: Excess weight can increase pressure in the abdomen, promoting acid reflux.

  1. Hiatal Hernia: When part of the stomach moves upward through the diaphragm, it can cause heartburn.

  1. Pregnancy: Heartburn is common during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and increased pressure on the stomach.

Ways to Treat Heartburn:

  1. Diet Changes:

- Avoid foods that trigger reflux, such as fatty, spicy, and citrus foods.

- Eat smaller portions and avoid going to bed immediately after eating.

  1. Modify Life Habits:

- Maintain a healthy weight to reduce pressure in the abdomen.

- Do not lie down or bend over right after eating.

- Elevate the head of the bed to reduce reflux during the night.

  1. Over the counter drugs:

- Antacids: Neutralize stomach acid.

- H2 blockers: Reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach.

- Proton pump inhibitors (PPI): They reduce acid production.

  1. Natural Measures:

- Chew sugarless gum to stimulate saliva production, which helps neutralize acid.

- Consume ginger, known for its anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective properties.

  1. Consult a Health Professional:

- If symptoms persist or are severe, it is crucial to seek guidance from a doctor, who may recommend additional tests or prescribe stronger medications.

In conclusion, heartburn is a common but treatable discomfort. Making changes in diet and lifestyle, as well as the use of over-the-counter medications, can be effective in relieving discomfort. However, in persistent or severe cases, it is essential to consult a health professional for proper guidance and treatment.

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